Cryotherapy Spa Facts

How does Cryotherapy Work?

Cryotherapy, also referred to as cryosurgery, is a very common in-office medical procedure for treating several different types of malignant and benign lesions. One report stated that cryotherapy is one of the most common in-office procedures, only after skin excision. The mechanism for destroying tissues/cells through cryotherapy is known as necrosis. This is the result of freezing/thawing of the cells. The areas that are treated re-epithelialize. While there may be some adverse effects when it comes to cryotherapy, these are typically very minor and don’t last long at all.

Whole-body cryotherapy (WBC)

One of the most rapidly growing therapeutic procedures under the umbrella of cryotherapy is whole-body cryotherapy, or WBC. While many people consider this to be much like an ice bath, the truth is that technology has gone so much further than a simple ice bath. After all, an ice bath only gets so cold—WBC gets colder and you stay dry during the procedure.

Benefits of whole-body cryotherapy

There are many benefits of whole-body cryotherapy that are already known, and many new ones are being discovered almost every day. Some of these benefits only occur with dry WBC chambers because they can reach sub-zero temperatures that are required for the body to respond to the therapy.

Some of the common health benefits that are being reported include:

  • Faster recovery for muscles from injury or overstimulation
  • Faster fat loss because metabolic rates and calorie burning rates are increased (spend only 2 minutes in a dry WBC chamber and you can burn around 800 calories)
  • Better quality sleep
  • Increase in anxiety relief
  • Increase in relief from depression
  • Elevated mood
  • Increased and improved sex drive
  • Skin health increased
  • Reduction in inflammation

Types of whole-body cryotherapy chambers

When it comes to WBC chambers, there are basically three different types. As you can tell, technology has long surpassed the original ice bath invention.

Deep ice bath

Many people remember this type of whole-body cryotherapy chamber from the movies or perhaps their own experience in locker rooms. Typically, these are metal tubs with high sides that have been filled with water and ice. The user immerses their entire body in the icy cold water.

The disadvantage to using this method for whole-body cryotherapy is that the temperatures only get down to, or even slightly above freezing. In addition, the ice must be constantly replenished to keep it functioning properly.

Wet whole-body cryotherapy chambers

A wet whole body cryotherapy chamber still uses water—but instead of being cooled by ice, the water is chilled by the device and is kept at a regulated temp, which is typically slightly above freezing.

The disadvantage to using a wet whole body cryotherapy chamber is that the individual who is using it still gets wet and they do not get the benefits that come along with the cooler temperatures.

Dry whole-body cryotherapy chambers

Dry whole-body cryotherapy chambers are the newest and most effective way to get all the benefits of whole=body cryotherapy. With this new technology, liquid nitrogen or similar gases are introduced into electric compressors, which deliver temperatures of -166° to -256° Fahrenheit.

During the session, typically no longer than two minutes, the individual using the chamber remains dry. There are some chambers that are walk-in and the face and head of the individual are exposed. On the other hand, there are some types of dry whole-body cryotherapy chambers in which the individual’s face/head are outside of the chamber.

Of course, as with anything else, there are some disadvantages. The disadvantage of this dry whole body cryotherapy is that you must use it with caution, under the supervision of a professional. If you stay in the chamber for too long, you could cause damage to your body.

Dangers of whole-body cryotherapy

When it comes to whole-body cryotherapy, you must understand that while it’s considered quite safe under the proper level of supervision, and by following the proper guidelines, there are still some risks that are associated with this type of treatment.


Being exposed to sub-zero temperatures for a long period of time can result in frostbite on the skin and/or extremities. This can end up being permanent damage. You should never use a whole-body cryotherapy chamber for more than the maximum amount of time that is recommended.


While it’s true that a little bit of hypothermia is expected when using whole-body cryotherapy, getting serious hypothermia can be quite dangerous. Therefore, you must always use whole-body cryotherapy carefully and only a little bit at a time.


In closing, you must understand that whole-body cryotherapy, or WBC, has become an amazing treatment for injuries such as sprains, strains, etc., and even for treating the pain and discomfort following surgery. These days, it’s not just for professional athlete; anyone can access it. Simply look around you and you’ll see that whole-body cryotherapy centers are opening all over the world. This is a great alternative to using medications and/or costly procedures for treating your condition.