Is Cryotherapy Effective for Curing Warts?
A wart is a skin growth that is a symptom of HPV, or human papillomavirus. According to medical experts, there are over 60 different forms of HPV, some which cause warts on the skin. HPV causes the cells on the outer layer of the skin to grow quickly, which results in a wart. Most of the time, common warts are found on the fingers, near fingernails or on hands. There are also certain forms of HPV that can result in warts appearing in the genital area.
Cryotherapy is effective for curing wartsTypes of warts There are several different types of warts. The following are three of the most common.
- Plantar warts A plantar wart is typically a light brown of flesh-colored lump that will be flecked with small clotted blood vessels that look like black dots. You will find plantar warts on the bottom/soles of your feet.
- Genital warts A genital wart appears in the pubic area, on your genitals, in/around your anus, or in/on the vaginal area. They typically appear as small pink, red, or flesh-colored growths and often looks a lot like the small parts of a cauliflower. In some cases, they may be so small that they are hard to see. Often, they will appear in clusters of 3-4 and usually grow and spread quickly. In most cases, they are not painful, but in some cases, you may experience mild pain, itching, and even bleeding. In the US, human papillomavirus is the most common STD, or sexually transmitted disease, and some types of genital warts can cause an individual to develop cervical cancer.
- Flat warts When it comes to children and teens, the flat wart is more common than it is in adults. A flat wart is much flatter, smaller, and smoother than the other types of warts, and typically occur on the face. Females are prone to developing flat warts on their legs as well, more so than males. A wart is the result of coming into direct contact with someone/something that has been infected with HPV. This is a very contagious virus and can be spread either through direct contact with an individual carrying the disease or with an object used by someone who has the disease. In addition, individuals with warts must realize that the virus causing the warts can spread to other parts of their body as well, leading to warts in those places.
- Freezing (Cryotherapy) — In this wart treatment, a physician will use liquid nitrogen to freeze the wart. A blister will form around the wart and the dead tissue should fall off within one week
- Cantharidin — This is a substance that is extracted from the blister beetle and then applied to the wart. A blister then forms around the wart, and the area is covered by a bandage. The blister formed by the cantharidin causes the wart to lift up off the skin so that the doctor can remove the dead portion
- Medications — There are a few other medications that can be used to treat a wart. These include:
- Bleomycin — Injected into the wart to kill the virus
- Aldara — Immunotherapy prescription medication that is used to treat genital warts, but is also effective for treating other types of warts as well.
- Minor surgery—In some cases, the above therapies are not effective for getting rid of a wart outbreak. Therefore, surgery is required to cut off the wart. The base of the wart is destroyed with an electric needle or by deep freezing/cryosurgery. Then, the wart can be cut off
- Laser surgery—This is an alternative to having the wart cut off. This is a procedure which uses an intense light beam, or laser, to burn/destroy the tissue making up the wart, which causes it to come off
- Avoid sexual contact
- Use condoms during sex
- Only have sex with someone that you know is not having sex with anyone else
- Avoid sexual contact with anyone with visible signs/symptoms of a genital wart outbreak